Avoid Pitching Injuries – Do’s and Don’ts for Young Pitchers

It is no secret. The competitive domain for Little League and youth pitching is growing by the year. We have children specializing in baseball and playing travel and indoor ball year-round. With all this added stress and no time off, ensuring we’re doing our best to prevent shoulder and arm pitching injuries has never been more critical.

*Aside* The proper long-term solution for preventing pitching injuries in our youth athletes is not to allow specialization until late high school. Our youth athletes should spend less than six months specializing in any one sport while filling in the rest of the year with cross-training and sports that activate different muscles. If your child is a throwing athlete, enroll them in soccer for the other half of the year. If they are swimmers, sign them up for a running sport. The sport selection isn’t as crucial as training other movement and motor patterns, so the youth athlete doesn’t develop chronic injuries.

The pitching puts incredible stress on the inside of the elbow. Injuries can range from little league elbow to ligament rupture (requiring the infamous Tommy John surgery). We’ve compiled a list of recommendations to help youth athletes stay healthy and injury-free.

DO: Warm-up Before Pitching

Begin with a light jog for 3 minutes, followed by stretching and playing catch with the catcher. Finally, throw several warm-up pitches with progressing intensity, using fastballs first.

 DO: Monitor the Pitch Count

Pitch count has always been the primary determinant of youth elbow damage. Always follow the USA Baseball Medical and Safety Advisory Committee age-specific Pitch Smart® guidelines for pitch limits. These will supply the counts by age per game, week, and season. Remember to follow the guidelines for your ACTUAL age instead of the LEAGUE age.

DO: Wear A Jacket Between Innings

Wearing a jacket over the arm is crucial in maintaining tissue temperature and keeping the muscle warm for the next inning. This is especially important during cooler weather.

DO: Train Your Body

It is important to train not only your shoulder but also your entire system, including your core and hip. The arm acts like a catapult, connected to a base (shoulder) attached and secured to a foundation (core). Repeatedly firing a catapult that doesn’t have a strong base or foundation will lead to a loss of speed, accuracy, and reliability and increase the risk of injury to the shoulder.

DO: Have An Off-Season

Off seasons are imperative to allow proper recovery of the shoulder and supporting complex. The off-season should ideally be 2-4 months that doesn’t involve throwing.

DON’T: Over-Do It

Do not pitch in consecutive days or multiple games per day. The heating up, cooling down, and then re-heating up of the tissues without proper recovery will increase your likelihood of injury.

DON’T: Play Catcher

Do not play as a catcher during the “off days.” The catcher roll itself requires a throw on almost every pitch. Combine this with the periodic throws down the baseline. This type of stress doesn’t allow the shoulder to heal properly.

DON’T: Skip Your Off-Season

Avoid pitching on multiple teams with overlapping seasons. You can reset your body’s movement patterns by joining a non-throwing sport.

DON’T: Push Your Limits

Avoid radar guns or similar devices that challenge you to throw harder consistently. This constant increase in stress may lead to increased rates of injury.

DON’T: Put A Bandaid Over It

Do not use over-the-counter pain medication to continue an otherwise painful activity. Our body has a robust system of alerts that warn us when an injury may occur. Ignoring pitching injuries will bring about just that.

Whether seeking relief from chronic pain or simply aiming for optimal health, your Livonia chiropractor guides you every step of the way. Contact our office to schedule an appointment by Clicking Here or giving us a call today: 734-427-6333

If you’d like a PDF copy of this information, click HERE to download it.

References: 
  1. PitchSmart USA. Guidelines for Youth and Adolescent Pitchers. Accessed 1/3/20 from: https://www.mlb.com/pitch-smart/pitching-guidelines

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